1000 year-old royal castle shaped by warfare

Corfe Castle is dramatic breathtaking monument in the Purbeck Hills, county of Dorset, England, more information here

Corfe Castle is a fortification standing above the village of the same name on the Isle of Purbeck in the English county of Dorset. Built by William the Conqueror, the castle dates back to the 11th century and commands a gap in the Purbeck Hills on the route between Wareham and Swanage. The first phase was one of the earliest castles in England to be built using stone when the majority were built with earth and timber. Corfe Castle underwent major structural changes in the 12th and 13th centuries.

In 1572, Corfe Castle left the Crown’s control when Elizabeth I sold it to Sir Christopher Hatton. Sir John Bankes bought the castle in 1635, and was the owner during the English Civil War. His wife, Lady Mary Bankes, led the defence of the castle when it was twice besieged by Parliamentarian forces. The first siege, in 1643, was unsuccessful, but by 1645 Corfe was one of the last remaining royalist strongholds in southern England and fell to a siege ending in an assault. In March that year Corfe Castle was demolished on Parliament’s orders. Owned by the National Trust, the castle is open to the public and in 2010 received around 190,000 visitors. It is protected as a Grade I listed building and a Scheduled Ancient Monument.                                                                                                                                           source Wikipedia

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The Isle of Wight

The Isle of Wight, is a county and the largest island of England, located in the English Channel, on average about 3 to 5 mi (5 to 8 km) off the coast of Hampshire. We visited in Carisbrooke Castle, Amazon World Zoo Park, The Needles, Coloured sand cliffs.

Carisbrooke Castle King Charles 1 was imprisoned here for the last year of his life and tried unsuccessfully to escape at least twice. Walking round and enjoying the view and a tearoom in the Castle.

Amazon World Zoo Park A large selection of Tropical Birds and animals/insects and some reptiles within this Amazon Rainforest attraction with a difference. Birds everywhere and more animals too.

The Needles is a row of three distinctive stacks of chalk that rise out of the sea off the western extremity of the Isle of Wight, UK, close to Alum Bay. The Needles Lighthouse stands at the end of the formation. Built in 1859, it has been automated since 1994. The formation takes its name from a fourth needle-shaped pillar called Lot’s Wife that collapsed in a storm in 1764. The remaining rocks are not at all needle-like, but the name has stuck. The Needles were featured on the 2005 TV programme Seven Natural Wonders as one of the wonders of Southern England. You can go near to them with boath.

Coloured sand cliffs Alum Bay is a bay near the westernmost point of the Isle of Wight, England, within sight of the Needles. Of geological interest and a tourist attraction, the bay is noted for its multi-coloured sand cliffs. Alum Bay is the location of a classic sequence of Eocene beds of soft sands and clays, separated by an unconformity from the underlying Cretaceous Chalk Formation that forms the adjoining headland of West High Down. Due to geological folding of the Alpine orogeny, the strata in the main section of the bay are vertical, with younger rocks to the west. The sands are coloured due to oxidised iron compounds formed under different conditions Alum Bay sand includes extremely pure white silica, which was once extracted for glass and pottery manufacture. We are went down for natural coloured sand with chairlift and walked back up, that’s was very good experience and a view unforgettable.

When you there you can use public transport or hire the car. 

Stonehenge

In a sunny summer day we visited in Stonehenge, that wasn’t on 20-21 June. The stones atmosphere unforgettable. I taken pictures of them and I put it together for video below. The site and its surroundings were added to the UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites in 1986 in a co-listing with Avebury Henge. It is a national legally protected Scheduled Ancient Monument. Stonehenge is owned by the Crown and managed by English Heritage, while the surrounding land is owned by the National Trust.

Sthonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England. One of the most famous sites in the world, Stonehenge is the remains of a ring of standing stons set within earthworks. It is in the middle of the most dense complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age munuments in England, including several hundred burial mounds. The Stonehenge that we see today is the final stage that was completed about 3500 years ago.

The First Stage, Stonehenge was a large earthwork of Henge, probalbly built around 3100 BC.

The Second Stage, the arrival of the Bluestones, this stage most dramatic of Stonehenge, around 2150 BC some 82 bluestones from south-west Wales were transported to the site, some weighing 4 tonnes each,this astonishing journey covers nearly 240 miles. These stones were set up in the centre to form an incomplete double cirle.

The third stage of Stonehenge, about 2000 BC, the arrival of the Sarsen stones, which were almost brought from near about 25 miles. The largest of the Sarsen stones transported to Stonehenge weigh 50 tonnes. These were arranged in an outer circle with a continuous run of lintels. Inside the circle, five trilithons were placed in a horseshoe arrangement, whose remains we can still see today.

The final stage took place soon after 1500 BC when the bluestones were rearranged in the horseshoe and circle that we see today. The original number of stones in the bluestone circle was probably around 60, these have long since been removed or broken up. Some remain only as stumps below ground level.

 

Pimm’s

The drink is so popular it is often thought of as the number two English drink, tea of course being the first. The original Pimm’s No.1. was made using gin, quinine and a secret mixture of herbs as an aid to digestion.

Pimm's

Pimm’s

Recipe for Traditional Pimm’s No.1. English cocktail may also be considered a liqueur, need Pimm’s – 1 part, lemonade – 3 part, add lemon slices, orange slices, fresh mint leaves, fine cucumber slices, strawberries, hulled and cut into quarters (all or some depending on what you prefer) and pour into a glass half filled with ice, lightly stir and serve. For an alternative to lemonade, try ginger ale.

St Patrick’s Day on 17 March

Saint Patrick’s Day or the Feast of Saint Patrick (Irish: Lá Fhéile Pádraig, “the Day of the Festival of Patrick”) is a cultural and religious holiday celebrated on 17 March. It is named after Saint Patrick (c. AD 385–461), the most commonly recognised of the patron saints of Ireland.

St Patrick's Day Sunday, 17 March, 2013

Saint Patrick’s Day was made an official feast day in the early seventeenth century and is observed by the Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion (especially the Church of Ireland), the Eastern Orthodox Church and Lutheran Church. For Christians, the day commemorates Saint Patrick and the arrival of Christianity in Ireland. However, it has gradually become more of a secular celebration of Irishness and Irish culture.

The day generally involves public parades and festivals, céilithe, and wearing of green attire or shamrocks. Christians also attend church services and the Lenten restrictions on eating and drinking alcohol are lifted for the day.

Saint Patrick’s Day is a public holiday in the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, Newfoundland and Labrador and Montserrat. It is also widely celebrated by the Irish diaspora around the world; especially in Britain, Canada, the United States, Argentina, Australia and New Zealand

Happy Saint Patrick’s Day:)

Mothering Sunday in United Kingdom

Mothering SundayMothering Sunday, sometimes known as Mother’s Day, is held on the fourth Sunday of Lent. It is exactly three weeks before Easter Sunday and usually falls in the second half of March or the beginning of April.

Traditionally, people visited the church where they were baptised. Mothering Sunday is now a celebration of motherhood. People visit and take gifts to their mothers and grandmothers.

Mothering Sunday was originally a time when people returned to the church, in which they were baptised or where they attended services when they were children. This meant that families were reunited as adults returned to the towns and villages where they grew up. In time, it became customary for young people who were working as servants in large houses, to be given a holiday on Mothering Sunday. They could use this day to visit their own mother and often took a gift of food or hand-me-down clothing from their employers to her. In turn, this moved towards the modern holiday, on which people still visit and take gifts to their mothers.

Traditionally, people observed a fast during Lent. Lent is the period from Ash Wednesday until Good Friday. During the Lent fast, people did not eat from sweet, rich foods or meat. However, the fast was lifted slightly on Mothering Sunday and many people prepared a Mother’s Day cake to eat with their family on this day.